Reference and documents

Reference documents

This section not only includeS laws, but also documents published by official organizations such as the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse, and the Assembly of First Nations.

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Declaration adopted in September 2007 by the United Nations General Assembly by a majority of 143 states, with 4 votes against (Australia, Canada, the United States and New Zealand) and 11 abstentions, which establishes the individual and collective rights of Aboriginal peoples, including the right to self-determination, education and language.

Indian Control of Indian Education
A policy statement on education made in 1972 by the negotiating committee of the National Brotherhood (the Assembly of First Nation’s predecessor) aiming to define common principles and measures concerning First Nations education.

Indian Act
The full text of the Indian Act, 1985 version, along with related regulations.

The Indian Act, past and present
A guide published by the Indian Registration and Band Lists Directorate presenting the history and content of laws governing registration on the Indian Register.

Constitution Act, 1982
It is article 35 of this act that recognizes and upholds the existing, ancestral, and treaty rights of First Nations in Canada.

Mi’kmaq Education Act
The full text of the Mi’kmaq Education Act of 1998 which grants control over education to Mi’kmaq bands in Nova Scotia in accordance with the agreement signed with the Government of Canada on February 14, 1997.

Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act
The full text of the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act which defines the legislative authority governing these two First Nations who signed agreements in 1975 and 1978. This act excludes these nations from the applications of the Indian Act.

Aboriginal Peoples Fact and Fiction
Document published by the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse andwritten by Pierre Lepage which aims to bring First Nations and Quebecers closer together by presenting the history of Quebec from 1760 to today while demystifying prejudices towards Aboriginal peoples.

First Nations Education Action Plan
An action plan developed in 2005 by the Assembly of First Nations to define and implement education systems entirely under First Nations jurisdiction.

Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
Report published in 1996 written by four Aboriginal and three non-Aboriginal commissioners which presents their recommendations and conclusions on a vast number of issues affecting Aboriginal peoples in Canada.